Codex, Flying Gods, Snakes and Turtle Shells                                                                                                      Español

Lak'ech Ala K'in  "I am you, and you are me." Maya Greeting
"This is a time of movement, fire, raising waters, changes and adjustments to Mother Earth.  2012 is not the end of the Maya Calendar but the beginning 
of a new calendar, one that is full of hope." 
Maya Elder - Notes M. O. Baum
The Maya Civilization
For 1200 years the Maya civilization dominated Meso-América while Europe was still in the dark ages. Approximately 12 centuries ago the civilization collapsed. They applied highly elaborated mathematical calculations recording the major historical events, events in the future and past. Sometimes their calculations dated back to remote eras, thousands of years in the past.

Some of the Accomplishments of the Maya:

The difference with the Maya Calendar and ours is only of one tenth of a second.

  • Invention of the concept of zero. Our decimal system is multiplied by ten. The Maya mathematical system was vigesimal (multiplied by twenty), giving them the possibility to work with extremely large numbers. They also counted the days by fives, thirteen’s and twenties. The number thirteen was very important.
  • Movements of the Moon, Mars, Venus and other stars were calculated with exactitude. 
  • Charted the planets thousands of years ago, and tracked the Orion Constellation. Now we know that in the Orion Constellation is where the stars are born.
  • Formulated equations that could predict when solar and lunar eclipses would take place.
  • Precise record of prediction of eclipses: accurate within 7 minutes over 32 years.
  • Created Tables tracking the Cycles of “Chak Ek” (Venus) with an error of two hours over four hundred years. Venus was used to time warfare.
  • The Venus Tablets record the day 4 A’hau 8 Cumku as the Maya Creation Date. This system is known as the Long Count Calendar and it starts counting from the Maya Creation Date that corresponds to August 13, 3114 BC in the Gregorian calendar.
  • The end of the 13th. Baktún is either on December 21 or Dec. 22, 2012, when a New Sun or New Cycle will start.
  • The Long Calendar system is one of the most noteworthy intellectual achievements.
  • The Maya also had Divinatory Almanacs with favorable and unfavorable days, regarding work, farming, warfare, birth, marriage, etc. The Calendar is formed with 3 interlocking cycles of 365 days. One of the circles has names, and the other has numbers lining up. Every 52 years the 3 cycles meet again and then, the cycle starts again.
Dresden Codex

Códices – Codex – Books 

The Códices (Maya books or Codex) were made in an accordion style with tree-bark paper called Amate. An offering of tree bark was a symbol of knowledge. The paper was made by pounding the bark of the Amate tree and using different minerals to change the color then leaving it several days to dry.
The Maya registered all their knowledge and history in their books but when the Spanish conquered México, the monks burned almost all of them calling them “a thing of the demon.”

These are the most important Codex that survived; Dresden Codex, Madrid Codex and the Paris Codex.  In the 70's another Codex was found in a cave in the State of Chiapas, México, it was called Grollier.
  • Códice de Dresden - Now in Dresden, Germany, it has 39 leaves written on both sides with elaborated work of art that includes almanacs, eclipses, the Venus Cycle Charts and astrology. It contains an illustration with the picture of the sacred Maya underworld or Xibalbá: on top, it has a representation of the flood. There are  warnings of disasters, end of a cycle and planets aligned. The Maya tracked, among others, the movements of the Orion Constellation, Mars, Mercury and Jupiter. This incredible book shows the importance and the extraordinary knowledge of astronomy, mathematics and the Venus Cycle, which was associated with war.
Katún 2 - ""for half there will be food for others misfortune; a time to unite."
  • Códice de Madrid - Now in Madrid, Spain, has more than one hundred pages divided into the Troano and the  Cortesianus.  It is thought it is the product of one scribe.
  • Códice Paresianus - Paris, France – Contains prophecies, zodiac, calendars and references to the T’únes and K’atúnes. It is in a very poor condition. Some prophecies are of hope, some are warnings. One of the prophecies says that our world, as we know it, will come to an end in the 13th. Baktún (2012). Then a new calendar will start.
Códice Tudela  
"While the Spanish clergy appreciated the therapeutic use of the sweat baths they called it an abominable custom, if one was sick he would go to bathe in this oven that had water inside, and it would happen that many men and  women would enter this bath, and there, inside in the heat, - men with women, and women with men, and men with men-would use it illicitly."

Commenting on Aztec steam bathing, Diego Durán remarked that, "mingled and naked as they are, there cannot fail to be great affronts and offense to our Lord."

Mérida Yucatán, Museum

Symbols and Writing 
Linked with sacred and magic, the Maya used symbols and different pictographs to represent their story. Hieroglyphs in rows or columns are read from left to right and from bottom to the top.

Destruction of the Códices (Codex)
1549 – The town of Ticul was established as a Spanish town and a Franciscan monastery and church were built in the site of a sacred Maya pyramid. The Convent of San Miguel Arcangel was built on top of the pyramid using the stones and destroying the sacred Maya sacred site.

1560’s – With the power of the church and the King of Spain, Friar Diego de Landa (1524 – 1579), the Spanish Bishop of the Archdiocese of Yucatán had the task to convert the Maya in Izamal, Yucatán. Landa believed that the Second Coming of Christ was coming soon and that the masses should be Christianize by any means.

1562 - Maní, a small city 62 miles/100 Km. of Mérida, Yucatán and 10 miles/16 Km. from Ticul, was where Landa conducted the auto-da-fé of Maní. With excessive violence and cruelty Friar Diego de Landa held an Inquisitional Ceremony (Inquisition) called auto de fé (act of faith). He ordered the burning of more than forty Maya Códices (books), 20,000 cult images and more than 5000 Maya idols because they were "works of the devil” as he wrote.
Physical abuse, burning, torturing and killing men, Maya noble-priests were jailed or disappeared, women were raped and some children were separated from their mothers, all in an act to convince the Maya to believe in the Spaniard god. Many locals fled to the jungle and some were spared to be used as slaves, personal properties and possessions were confiscated by the church.
The excessive violence in the conversion of the Maya was condemned before the Council of the Indies. By 1569 Landa was absolved and appointed Bishop later on.
Landa claimed he had discovered evidence of human sacrifice although one of the alleged victims, Dasbatés, was later found to be alive.
To Landa and the other Franciscans the existence of the Maya Codex or Codices was proof of diabolical practices. In references to these books, Landa said:

“We found a large number of books in these characters and, as they contained nothing in which were not to be seen as superstition and lies of the devil, we burned them all, which they (the Maya) regretted to an amazing degree, and which caused them much affliction.”

1566 - Landa is the author of the Relación de las Cosas de Yucatán in which he catalogues the language, religion, culture and writing of the Maya with the help of a couple of Maya scribes. In Relación de las Cosas de Yucatán (Relation to the Thngs of Yucatan), Landa describes the alphabet that, despite its inaccuracies, was used to decipher the Maya hieroglyphics by the Russian linguist Yuri Knorozov in the 1950s.
Landa is remembered for his cruelty and destruction of invaluable historic materials and Maya culture.

Maya Human Representation  - INAH – Instituto Nacional de Arqueología e Historia
Well defined head with Maya profile Body shown frontally with well defined arms and legs. Legs shown frontally or in profile, with feet in profile
Chichén-Itzá – Balankanché Maya Caves
México ©María O. Baum
Popol Vuh - Sacred Maya Book
Describes the creation of Mother Earth by the forces of sea and sky. According to this book, Mother Earth was created and destroyed three times before the Maya World was made. It contains the mythological version of the creation of the world intertwined with historical facts, creation stories, cosmology, and the adventures of Hunahpu' and X'balanque, the Maya hero twins.
According to the Popol Vuh, man was created with the help of Ixpiyakok and Ixmukane. Human beings were created and destroyed several times until finally, the Creator made them from maize. 
After consulting with each other, the creator gods, decided to limit the vision and scope of human creatures.
  • First Mother Earth had animals, then wet clay, after the clay, the earth had wood.
  • The creation of the first ‘abuelos’ (elders, grandparents) didn't last long: they were made of clayThe gods sent a terrible flood to destroy their creation.
  • Then, came the man made of wood; it didn't work, he didn't praise the gods. The gods sent a terrible flood to Mother Earth to destroy all their creation.  
  • Then, came the man from maize dough; the man of corn. The gods were happy with their creation. 

The hero twins H'unah'Pu and X'balanqué
The first father of men was Hu'Nal'Ye. He was killed by the "Lords of X'ibalbá" (Underworld). They buried him under a ball game, which is the representation of death and re-birth. 
Hu'Nal'ye had twin sons: H'unah'Pu and X'balanqué. These two semi-deities outsmarted the Lords of the Underworld: not by force. After they accomplished and suffered doing different tasks, they went into X'ibalbá and took out their father's head.
  • Hu'Nal'ye resuscitated from the *crack of a turtle when his sons brought him back from X’ibalbá. He was the one that created the Maya world.

*In the Maya symbols and legends we find flying snakes or dragons and flying turtles. Deities "born," coming out of these creatures or being transported by them is very common. 

Maya Creation Date
The Maya placed the date of the Creation of the Maya World as 4 A'hau 8 Kumku  - August 13, 3114 B.C.
This date is very important to Mother Earth:

"Light didn't exist until this day. Hu'Nal'ye organized the stars and wrote in them everything he did, so that in the future, man could read it and never forget."

Maya Cross - Represents the Cardinal points
He (the flying deity/god) made a cross. At the top was Zac (North), he painted it in white. At the bottom Kan (South) in yellow. At the right was Chac (East) and painted it in red. At the left of the cross was Ek' (West) and painted it in black. The center of the cross was green, and called it Ya'ax.

Chilam Balam of Chumayel and the Five World Trees
The Sacred Maya Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel relates the collapse of the sky and the erection of the Five World Trees: four world trees in the corners and a main one in the center of the Earth. On top of each of the four world trees there is a Principal Bird-deity associated with a specific bird.
The shooting of the Principal Bird deity is one of the main episodes of the hero twins myth. The twins H'unah'pu  and X'balanque, defeated a bird demon and won many battles with tricks but never with force. 
A mural with the story of the the Five World Trees is in San Bartolo, Guatemala and in the northeast of Tikal. Four world trees also appear in the Borgia Codex.

"11 Ahau was when the mighty men arrived from the East. They were the ones who first brought disease here to our land, the land of us who are Maya, in the year 1513." Book of Chilam Balam de Chumayel
The Mirrors of the Sky
The Maya were great urban planners and architects. They mastered astronomy, writing and mathematics among other advanced studies.
Some of their cities were designed as 'mirrors of the sky' constructing the pyramids and temples by observing the Orion Constellation and placing their structures in the same position and reflecting their size.
For the Maya some of the pyramids were constructed by “giants” and some by Aluxeob (Alushes) that are the mythological tiny ethereal beings that are in charge of the sacred sites and sometimes of the farmlands. The story goes that in Uxmal, an Alux constructed the pyramid by moving and cutting the stones by producing a vibration.
  • In Teotihuacán – “The Place Where Men Become Gods” legend says that a giant constructed the city.
  • Many of the Maya cities are aligned and designed astronomically with the exact layout of planets and stars, although this is true in many other civilizations around the world.

Gods (Deities) and Priests 
The gods are credited to giving the knowledge to the Maya. Sophisticated calendars and advanced knowledge of astrological cycles were some of the teachings of the Maya deities.

Kinich A'Hau I'Tzamná'j - I'Tzamná' - Zamná
 I'Tzamnáj, was the principal God-creator, first priest, creator of mankind, the one that resides in the sky, the god of the sky, was the god of day and night and the main deity of the Maya Pantheon.  Son of the creator god Hunab,  he was the
patron of A'haw, the principal day of the 20 Maya day calendar and the one that named each one of the regions in the Yucatán Peninsula.
·       The "god that could fly" was one of the gods of medicine, patron of the arts and inventor of agriculture and writing.
·       I'Tzamnáj is the God of knowledge, inventor of science and wisdom.  
·       The flying god that came from the East to teach the humans gave the knowledge to the Maya Civilization and was considered the father of their culture.
·       The god that could fly is represented in many of the temples of Tulúm, Quintana Roo, México.
“The Flying God, resides in the sky, created the Maya and came to their aid to teach. He taught them about the crops, maize, cacao, and medicine; all about herbs, trees and the most important teaching; the respect and love to the Cosmos, Mother Earth and every living being. His teachings included the Sacred Calendars and their Writing.” 
·       The Lacandón refer to him as Nohochakyum or Hachakyum.
·       In colonial Spanish times Itzamná and the invisible high deity Hunab Ku, the sun deity Kinich Ahau and Yaxcocahmut a bird of omen were related.
·       The Aztec deity corresponding to I’tzamná is Tonacatecuhtli.
·       Quetzalcóatl  is the corresponding deity of the Mexicas, also known as Kukulcán, the feathered serpent, in the Maya Ancient Culture. 
·       I'tzamná'j was the son of Hunab'Ku and the father of B'acab, a god that lives inside the Earth.
·       Sometimes depicted as a toothless old man he is also referred to as “god D.”
·       The Spanish Bishop Diego de Landa that made the Inquisition in the Yucatan, mentions I'tzamná'j several times in the description of the Maya ritual year. “In the month of Uo, a ritual took place under invocation of Kinich Ahau I'tzamná'j, "the first priest". In the month of Zip, I'tzamná'j  was invoked as one of the gods of medicine, and in the month of Mac, he was venerated with Chac, the rain deity. In the cycle of four years, one year was under the patronage of I’tzamná.”
·       Author Diego López de Cogolludo relates that the Maya believed that I'tzamná'j or Zamná invented the art of writing and divided and assigned names to the land of the Yucatán. He was the creator of humankind and father of Bacab a deity of the interior of the earth.
·       I'tzamná'j had thirteen sons with Ixchel, two of whom created the earth and humankind (Author Las Casas).
·       In the Dresden Codex, god D is a high priest seated on a celestial throne. He is also shown within the jaws of a caiman representing the earth’s crust.
·       Principal Bird Deity and I’tzamná or God D - I’tzamná or God D  is depicted as having the Principal Bird Deity, a bird often holding a snake in its beak, as his nagual. Its head sometimes resembles Cha’ac, the rain deity or a bird of prey with the wings inscribed with 'daylight' and 'night'. The San Bartolo murals have a Principal Bird Deity seated on top of each of four world trees, together with a fifth, central tree which, according to the Chilam Balam, the trees were re-erected after the collapse of the sky. Each tree was associated with a specific bird. In the Códice Borgia, the world trees also appear. In the Popol Vuh, the Vucub Caquix, a bird demon and Principal Bird deity is shot by the Hero Twins.
·       I’tzamnaáj as a Noble Title – The Rulers of Naranjo, Yaxchilán and Dos Pilas used I’tzamnaáj  as part of their titles. On Palenque's Temple XIX a dignitary wears the Principal Bird Deity's headdress while being referred to as I’tzamná.

He had thirteen sons with the Goddess I'xchel.
The 13 sons of I’tzamná, does not only represent a magical number, it also represents the 13 worlds that are inhabited in their universe.
Mother Earth is the 13th. child, we are the youngest.”
Maya Elder - Notes M. O. Baum

Quetzalcóatl - Teotihuacán, México - Foto INAH

Kukulcán – Kukulca'án- Quetzalcóatl (Aztec) – Gukumatz (Q'uq'umatz of the K'iche' Maya) Waxaklahun Ubah Kan (War Serpent)
Feathered or Plumed Serpent – Maya Snake Deity
Represented as the feathered snake that ascends to the heavens, this deity had a human and a feathered serpent form.
  • He could fly when he was inside the "feathered serpent" and he could also slither as a snake. 
  • Sometimes represented as a warrior coming out of the snake’s jaw.
  • The Plumed Serpent Quetzalcóatl traveled with Xólotl to the Underworld.
  • Quetzalcóatl was associated with Venus.
  • Known as Quetzalcóatl by his Náhua followers, he is the equivalent to Gukumatz or Kukulcán, also feathered serpent, in the Mesoamerican region and revered in Chichén Itza, Uxmal and Mayapan.
  • When depicted as a human, he was described as a six foot tall man when standing. With long white hair, white skin and blue eyes, he would get inside the feathered snake to fly. 
  • Kukulkán was the priest-ruler at Chichén Itzá, Yucatán.
  • Kukulkán is sometimes related to earthquakes and depicted as traveling with Cha’ac, the deity of the rain. By moving his tail he would produce winds and rain.
  • The Lacandón-Maya in the area of Bonampak-Yaxchilán in Chiapas and in the North of Guatemala portray him as a monster snake, pet of the sun god that produces not only earthquakes but terrible fires.

“He resides sometimes inside a cave and when he leaves it, the earth moves and fire comes 
out of his “tail” (cola).” Maya Elder – Notes Maria O. Baum

  • After teaching the Maya medicine, agriculture and how to run civilization, he spent some time on Earth and later returned to the ocean. 
  • He told the Maya that he would return and when the Spanish arrived, the locals saw them as the second coming of their god.
There is a very interesting and remote part of México, in a town where the locals say that the "flying sandals of Kukulcán were buried.” 
King Pakal - Chiapas Museum, Mexico 

"11 Ahau was when the mighty men arrived from the East. They were the ones who first
brought disease here to our land, the land of us who are Maya, in the year 1513."
Chilam Balam
Ah’Puch - God of death - Lord One 
Ah'Puch was also known as H'un A'hau and Y'um Cimi and had his place in the deepest part of the underworld where all dead arrive. 
Related to the owl, it appears as a skull with small rattles around his neck, wrists and legs. He was a good deity that could be deceived by tricks. 

Sol – Luna - Sun and Moon 
Patrons of the Venus cycle and deities of the weather and the crops. 

The "light" one, medicine goddess, also the goddess of the moon and midwifes was the wife of I'tzamná' and associated with water. The “protector of pregnant women” was visited by priests, kings and shamans from far away places. Common people went to see visit her temple in Cozumel, México, at least one time in their lifetimes.

Goddess of suicides, or "cord", was the protector of people that committed suicide. Hanging from a Ceiba tree, the sacred tree of the Maya, she or he took them to the land of pleasures. Sometimes represented as a women and others as a man.
Chichén-Itzá – Balankanché Maya Caves
México ©María O. Baum 
Cha'Ac - Cha'ak 
God of rain, thunder and lightning was the most venerated god in the dry regions of the Yucatan and was represented as a big stone mask with huge nose.

Bolon D'zacab - Bacabs 
God of lightning and the Bacabs, the deities of the underground, terrestrial water and thunder were all related.

Ek Chu'Ah – God K 
Deity of merchants and patron of cacao, he was in charge of protecting the crops.

The patron of the night and of the Chamanes (Shamans) was represented holding a smoked mirror, a symbol of the power to see everything. He appears as a jaguar, monkey, coyote or skunk.

Tlaltecuhti -"Lady of Earth" Náhuatl Language
Discovered in Tenochtitlán, Templo Mayor, México City in 2006, the monolith represents a feminine figure but it is also represented as masculine one: duality. The Deity of Earth is life giver, but devours the corps of the death, receives the death and in exchange gives life. Tlaltecuhtli is also described as a sea monster who dwelled in the ocean after the Fourth Era or Fourth Great Flood; the raging chaos before the Creation. The flying snakes deities of Quetzalcóatl  and Tezcatlipoca tore her in half. When they tore her in half, they created the sky and stars, the other half became the land of Mother Earth. She is associated with Cihuacóatl, Tonantzín and Tonatiuh.

Teotihuacán, México - Foto INA

Xólotl - "Patron of Sorcerers" 
Xólotl, the god of twins and duality was associated with the hairless dog of the Aztecs. He was the god of monsters and then changed to the god of duality. The Xóloitzcuintle, the dog of the god Xólotl, accompanied him to Mictlán, the dark underworld. 

Hairless dog.

Xóloitzcuitli - Xólo from the God Xólotl and Iticuintli or Itzcuintli, dog
Xólotl with his hairless dog would accompany the souls of the dead to the underworld.

Yum Ka'Ax - Yum Kaax  - God of Maize
The deity of corn represents prosperity and abundance. He wore a cob of corn as a head-dress.

AJ'KIJ- Priests
Apart from writing, the fundamental knowledge of the Aj'kij was astronomy, astrology, arithmetic's and calendars. 

  • They observed the sky and learned the cycles of the moon, sun, Venus, Orion and Sirius.  
  • Controlled the population by fear and ignorance.
  • Predicted eclipses and droughts and knew when to plant and harvest.  
  • They had to know astronomy in order to know about cycles and had sophisticated knowledge in different subjects that the flying god had given them.
They were selfish and kept the knowledge. They liked to control.”
Maya Elder, referring to the Aj'Kij or Priests. Notes M. O. Baum

"El Duende," a Maya Legend: The Three Treasures: Let's Explore! Bilingual Book Series/Series de Libros Bilingües

"El Duende," a Maya Legend: The Three Treasures: Let's Explore! 
Bilingual Book Series/Series de Libros Bilingües

The mineral has been found under many pyramids in the Yucatán Península. There has been a great discovery in Teotihuacán, where huge sheets of the Mica mineral were found under passages and in between levels of the pyramids. 

    "Mica is used by the electronics industry in capacitor construction, thermal and electric insulation, acts as a moderator in nuclear reactions. 

Used by the electrical industry, in capacitors for high frequency and radio frequency." It is used to build computers and by the NASA.

Palenque, Chiapas - México - © María O. Baum
Do we have the correct dates?
The tzá-Maya made an adjustment in their calendar so that the cycle, that was due to end two Katuns later in an apocalyptic date of 13 Ahau, would be celebrated on a different date.

The Chilam Balam of Chumayel and the“World Trees or World Quarters”
Chilam or Chilan - “interpreter of the gods” - Balam – jaguar
Chumayel – Village in the Yucatán Peninsula
The Sacred Maya Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel relates the history of the conquest of the Yucatán by Spain. It was illustrated and written in Chumayel, Yucatán.
Some of the things that the book relates are:
  • The Ritual of the Four World Quarters and a prophecy for Katún 11 A’hau (Ajaw),  where  it announces the arrival of the Spaniards to America in the year 1492.

Katún 8 A'hau has a magical significance. At the beginning of Katún 8 A'hau, the Maya made their migrations, important decisions and movements.  

  • This date was magical. However, the tzá-Maya, in Guatemala in the Petén  region and southern Mexico who spoke the Itzá language, made a new revision of its calendar and changed the dates. This revision was made so that the cycle, that was due to end two Katúns later, in an apocalyptic date of 13 Ahau, would be celebrated on a different date.  It was the end of the tribute to the Spanish and a drastic change of the new Mexican nation. 
Another theory is that it predicts the Caste War of Yucatán, where the Maya that were left were almost exterminated. 
The Spanish, the Church and mestizos (mixed Spanish and local) exploited the Maya in the henequén Haciendas and considered them as "animals" for not believing in the Spanish god.  
The Maya took up arms and began the Caste War. The Maya lost the battle and have not yet recovered. Even after the Caste War they were considered by the mestizo and white "below humans."
  • After defeating the Spanish in 1821, The Constitution of the United Mexican States - La Constitución Federal de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, was enacted on October 4 of 1824, on the date that the Maya predicted a big change.  
Some of the important dates where the Maya predicted big changes are as follows:
  • 1492 - Spain invasion
  • 1824 - Mexican Constitution
The Maya predicted for this cycle: 
"This is a time of movement, change, adjustments and rising waters for Mother Earth. "

Since the Maya-Itzá changed the date to make a review of the Maya calendar, and the two dates that predicted there would be a big change were accurate, the next cycle will be in the year 2356.

 "In 2012 the new cycle of movements, water and transformation will begin. On this cycle our grandparents predicted that our brothers from the stars will come to earth again to help us re-learn to respect Mother Earth, help us understand the importance of being humans and to transform us to be, as they said, 'one being in many,' because we have to be a family again; a union without different beliefs and superstitions. We can finally be free of control by fear that priests have used. Having knowledge Señito we will be free.

Anciano Maya - Notes - M. O. Baum

Excerpts from the Chilam Balam:

Makes reference to what was before the Spaniards arrived:
“The bearded, the rubust….our minor brothers." 

The following refers after the Spanish arrived:

“They adhered to their reason. There was no sin; there was then no sickness;  no aching bones; no high fever, no 'smallpox'; no burning chest; no headache. At that time the course of humanity was orderly. The foreigners made it otherwise when they arrived here.
They taught fear....”

“Saddened because they will come, from Orient will come when they come to this land, 
the bearded, the messengers of the signal of divinity, the foreigners of the land,the robust.” (Spaniards).

Also talks about the changes that would come ending in the year 2012;
“The white, sons of Father Sun will come again…”

It tells us what happened and what will happen again (circle inside a circle). Two cycles of 260 years each one; cycle inside a cycle.

  • The 520 year count starts December 24, 1492 – 11 Ajau (Ajaw) Katún– Ichcaanzihó (Mérida,Yucatán, México) and ends in the 13 Ajaw K’atún.

I will be writing more about the 13 Heavens and the 9 Xibalbá or 9 Underworlds that is in a stelae in México:

List of deities - See Older Posts below.